Crowdsourcing vs crowdfunding

Crowdsourcing is a noun for the practice of asking a large group of people, usually on the internet, to give resources like ideas or services. The idea of it is to not limit oneself to a particular group but to ask a wide range. It is a relatively new word, from the last decade or so. It is a dictionary accepted word that was created as a compilation of crowd and outsourcing. The verb form is crowdsource, crowdsources, etc. Crowdfunding is the same basic principle as crowdsourcing, except … [Read more...]

Heretofore or hitherto

Heretofore is a very formal adverb that simply means before the current time, or until now. Hitherto is another very formal adverb that means until the current time or before now. The two words are synonyms and severely unpopular. Even in legal and scholarly realms it is better to use simpler synonyms such as before, previously, and so far. Interestingly, there are a few related terms that have also gone out of favor. Hitherward is an archaic word that describes a direction as toward … [Read more...]

Sub rosa vs sub-rosa

Sub-rosa is an adjective that describes an event as having been accomplished in secret or hiding. It is one of the few sub- words that has a hyphen as the preferred spelling inside North America. In British English the preferred spelling is two words, without the hyphen. Sub rosa, without the hyphen, can also be an adverb that describes an action as having been in secrecy. This non-hyphenated form is the preferred form everywhere. This follows the general hyphen rule that compound … [Read more...]

Matter of fact or matter-of-fact

The adjective matter-of-fact is hyphenated and describes something or someone as having little to no dramatic emotion when speaking about potentially upsetting things. Note that this does not mean a lack of all emotion, but it means that the individual is not letting his or her emotions get the better of him or her. The adverb form is matter-of-factly and the noun form is matter-of-factness. An alternate noun form is matter of fact. This is used for things that are not opinion or up for … [Read more...]

Matter of fact vs fact of the matter

The phrase as a matter of fact is similar to in fact and is used to emphasis a piece of information, usually in order to clarify a point that was just made, either to confirm it or negate it. The point can be made in a conversation or just expanding on something the speaker said. To be matter-of-fact about something is to be without emotion and clear. Something can be a matter-of-fact if it's true and not up for a debate. The idiom the fact of the matter is almost always used as an … [Read more...]

Reforested wood

Reforest is a verb that means to plant again or to recover with trees to make a new forest. This is normally done by companies who cut down trees for their business. Reforest dates back to the 1880s. The word has become more mainstream as the emphasis on the environment has increased in recent decades. The noun for the process is  reforestation. Reforested is an adjective describing something as having been a part of or produced by reforestation. So reforested wood is wood that has come … [Read more...]

Shopping cart or buggy

Shopping cart is a North American name for the basket on wheels on can use to hold food while grocery shopping. Interestingly, it is not listed in some American dictionaries, but is listed in European. In British English this item is more often called a shopping trolley. Both versions of this term can be shortened to simply cart and trolley. A buggy is a carriage or small wagon pulled by a horse. It can also be another term for the cart one uses to shop. This term is mainly spoken and … [Read more...]

Caretaker vs caregiver

A caretaker is someone who supports a person physically or emotionally. The person he or she takes care of may or may not be a member of the family. This usage of the word is mainly in the United States and Canada, and less common in other countries. In British English the term is carer. This term can also be used for people who tend and upkeep a property, land or buildings, in the stead of the owner. It may be temporary or permanent depending on the situation. Caretaker can also be an … [Read more...]

Geographic vs geographical

Geographic is an adjective that describes something or someone as pertaining to geography, the study of the location of places. It can also describe something as being part of a particular region, usually unique in some way. The adverb form of this word is geographically. Geographical is listed in the dictionary as a variant form or spelling of geographic. Interestingly, in the European dictionaries we checked, geographical was the main entry and geographic  was the variant form. As far … [Read more...]

Little to no or little to none

This phrase has many variations with none deemed as the official, but the most common by far (at least when using Google's ngram viewer) is little or no. Little or no is a phrase that means something or someone has a small amount of something, if at all. Usually this is used when critiquing or criticizing something. If the object or person has it in any amount, which is doubtful, it is a very tiny amount. It is used as a submodifier The second most popular variation is little or nothing. … [Read more...]

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