Petroglyph vs pictograph

A petroglyph is a carving in a rock, usually a prehistoric carving in a rock. A petroglyph may be picked, pecked, incised or abraded. The word petroglyph enters the English language in 1870, taken from the French word pétroglyphe, which is in turn derived from the Greek petro-, meaning rock, and gluphē, meaning carving. A pictograph is a picture that is used as a symbol for an idea or word, it is painted on top of the rock, not carved into the rock. Pictographs are usually prehistoric, they … [Read more...]

Robot, android or droid

A robot is a machine that can carry out a series of tasks, often a series of tasks written in a computer program. A robot may or may not look like a human being. The word robot came into English as a translation of the Czech word robotnik, first used in a 1920 play by Karel Capek called R.U.R., which stands for Rossum's Universal Robots. Capek coined the word robot from robota which means servitude, forced labor. A related word is robotic, which means behaving in a stilted, mechanical … [Read more...]

Cisgender vs transgender

Cisgender describes someone whose internal feelings of sexual identity match the sexual identity he was assigned at birth. The word cisgender was coined by biologist Dana Leland Defosse, Ph.D., in 1994 on a Usenet newsgroup. The prefix cis- means on the closer side of, on this side, derived from the Latin word cis, and gender comes from the Old French words gendre and genre, which mean type, kind, gender. Cisgender is an adjective, the term cisgendered is also considered correct. The … [Read more...]

Crayon vs Crayola

Most people consider the word crayon to mean an art supply stick composed of colored wax. However, crayon may also be used to mean an art supply stick made of chalk or charcoal. Crayon may also be used as a verb to mean coloring with crayons. Related words are crayons, crayoned, crayoning. The word crayon comes from the French word craie meaning chalk, and the French word crayon, which means pencil. Crayola is an American brand of wax crayons. The name Crayola was coined by Alice Binney, the … [Read more...]


Phishing is the practice of sending fraudulent emails to unsuspecting people in an effort to trick them into revealing their credit card numbers, social security numbers, passwords or other personal information with the intent of stealing assets. Phishing is a method of identity theft, the word is coined from the idea of going fishing for information. The term phishing was first used in an online Usenet group in 1996 in reference to a scam which involved tricking AOL users into revealing their … [Read more...]

Katy bar the door

Katy bar the door is an exclamation that means watch out, trouble is on its way. It is an American phrase, usually heard in the southern United States. The exact origin is unknown. One possible source of the phrase Katy bar the door is a Scottish ballad called Get Up and Bar the Door published in 1776. Another possible source is the story of Catherine Douglas, the woman who sheltered the Scottish King James I from an unruly mob in 1437. As the story goes, Catherine Douglas  and James I were … [Read more...]

Noisome vs noisy

Noisome describes something that has an extremely obnoxious odor. Noisome also describes something offensive or unpleasant. Noisome is an adjective, related words are noisomeness and noisomely. Noisome is derived from the word noy, meaning harm, misfortune. The use of the word noisome has fallen over the years, it is now a fairly uncommon word. Noisy describes something that emits an abundance of loud sound, something full of noise, it may also be used in a figurative sense. Noisy is an … [Read more...]


A meeple is the playing piece or token in a board game, usually having an extremely stylized human form. The word meeple comes from blending the words my and people. A word consisting of blended words is called a portmanteau. Meeple was coined in the year 2000 by Alison Hansel to describe the wooden figures in the game Carcassonne. Since the year 2000, the term meeple has spread to describe the token in any board game, it was added to the Oxford English Dictionary in 2015. The plural form of … [Read more...]

Doxing and doxxing

Doxing is the act of publishing private information and identifying information about an individual online with intent to harm. Doxing is done in order to shame someone, encourage other online users to intimidate someone, or put the person being doxed in actual danger. Doxing may be spelled with two "x's", as in doxxing. Doxing may be used as a noun or a verb, related terms are dox, doxes, doxed, dox, doxxes, doxxed. Doxing is a new word, it was added to the Oxford English Dictionary in 2014. … [Read more...]

Repetitive vs redundant

Repetitive means repeating something over and over again, unnecessarily. Repetitive is an adjective, related words are repetitively, repetitiveness. The word repetitive is derived from the Latin word repetere, which means to do again or say again. Redundant means 1.) something no longer needed, no longer useful 2.)something that may be omitted with no loss of function or meaning 3.) something superfluous 4.) in British English, redundant means laid off from a job. The word redundant comes … [Read more...]

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