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Say when

  • Say when is primarily an American idiom that has been in use since the 1800s. An idiom is a word, group of words or phrase that has a figurative meaning that is not easily deduced from its literal definition. Common idioms are words and phrases used in the English language in order to convey a concise idea, and are often spoken or are considered informal or conversational. English idioms can illustrate emotion more quickly than a phrase that has a literal meaning, even when the etymology or origin of the idiomatic expression is lost. Many English as a Second Language students do not understand idiomatic expressions such as beat around the bush, don’t count your chickens, barking up the wrong tree and piece of cake, as they attempt to translate them word for word, which yields only the literal meaning. In addition to learning vocabulary and grammar, one must understand the figurative language of idiomatic phrases in order to know English like a native speaker. We will examine the definition of say when, where it came from and some examples of its use in sentences.


     

    Say when is a phrase someone utters when pouring a drink for someone else, or pouring a liquid such as cream or syrup upon someone else’s food, or adding an ingredient such as Parmesan cheese or pepper to a dish at the table. Say when is short for say when to stop pouring. Say when is sometimes used by hosts or hostesses who are serving guests, by parents who are attempting to control their children’s consumption of sugar or other foods, and is often used by waiters. The correct response when one has been asked to say when may be either “stop”, “that’s enough”, “okay”, or to actually answer when. The answer when, used to answer say when, most probably began as a rather weak joke, but has now become an accepted response. The idiom say when was first used in the 1880s when pouring alcoholic beverages. While the idiom is still used when pouring alcoholic beverages, it is also used in any circumstance where one is serving food, drink or a garnish to someone else.

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    Examples

    They came without chocolate, which confused me until two waiters with a golden goblet and ladle came over and, from a great height, started pouring, waiting for me to say “When”. (The Guardian)

    As a grown man, the only time I can ever remember having to ‘say when’ is when you’re regulating a friend pouring alcohol. (The Manchester Evening News)


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