Relative Clauses Exercises (With Printable PDF)

The first worksheet is all about the basic definition and rules for its correct usage, while the second activity focuses on identifying the relative clause in the sentence. The last worksheet will ask you to choose the correct relative pronoun to complete the sentence.

What Are Relative Clauses?

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Relative clauses are a kind of dependent clause that starts with relative pronouns which, who, whom, whose, and that. For example:

  • I like the paintings. The paintings hang on the wall.
  • I like the paintings that hang on the wall.

Here, the relative clause is that hang on the wall, defining the noun paintings.

Here are the different functions of relative pronouns in relative clauses.

  • Who is used for people as subject nouns or pronouns.
  • Whom is used for people as object nouns or pronouns.
  • Whose is used for possessive nouns or pronouns.
  • That is used for restrictive relative clauses.
  • Which is used for non-restrictive relative clauses with commas.

A restrictive relative clause gives essential information about the noun using that or who. That means we cannot remove the relative clause from the sentence. For example:

  • Children who listen to their parents are obedient.

In this sentence, the relative clause is who listen to their parents.

A non-restrictive relative clause provides extra information that is not essential to the definition of the noun. For example:

  • My father, who is an engineer, is opening a construction company soon.

In this sentence, the non-restrictive relative clause is who is an engineer.

Never use that in non-restrictive relative clauses.

Relative Clause Exercise #1

Relative Clause Exercise #1

This exercise tests your understanding of the meaning and rules of relative clauses. Choose the letter of the correct answer.

Which relative pronoun is used for subject nouns and pronouns that refer to people?
TRUE or FALSE: We can use that for restrictive relative clauses.
Relative clauses are a type of _________ clause.
Which relative pronoun is used for restrictive relative clauses that refer to objects, ideas, or animals?
TRUE or FALSE: Restrictive relative clauses provide essential information to the noun and entire sentence.
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Relative Clause Exercise #2

Relative Clause Exercise #2

Identify the relative clause in each sentence by choosing the letter of the correct answer.

The food, which I ordered ten minutes ago, was delicious.
I gave my name to the lady whose hair was blonde.
Let’s go to a vacation spot that no one knows about.
My mother, who works at an insurance company, is a supervisor.
Children who love vegetables are rare.
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Relative Clause Exercise #3

Relative Clause Exercise #3

Choose the correct relative pronoun to complete the sentence.

The doctor ________ I met was very nice.
The man ________ computer was broken asked for a repair.
That’s the building ________ I work.
The notebook, ________ I lost two weeks ago, has been found by the teacher.
I sent a message to my friend _________ lives in Texas.
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