Raise one’s hackles and get one’s hackles up

Raise one’s hackles and get one’s hackles up are two versions of an idiom. We will examine the meaning of the idioms raise one’s hackles or get one’s hackles up, where they came from and some examples of their use in sentences.

To raise one’s hackles and to get one’s hackles up means to become irritated or angry, to become defensive, to prepare to attack. The phrase is often used in the negative, as in: “Don’t get your hackles up.” Hackles are hairs or a ruff of fur on the back of an animal’s neck that raises when the animal is alerted to danger or is preparing to attack. Originally, the word hackle meant the ruff of feathers around a bird’s neck that raise when it is alarmed. The word hackles to mean the ruff of fur on an animal’s neck only came into use in the 1800s, and the idioms raise one’s hackles and get one’s hackles up came into use in the 1880s. Related phrases are raises one’s hackles, raised one’s hackles, raising one’s hackles, gets one’s hackles up, got one’s hackles up, getting one’s hackles up.

Examples

Asked what he expected from Cowart, Bundy said, “I would be kind of stupid to tell the judge what I expect of him because it might raise his hackles to the point that he would decide to do it.” (The Associated Press)

Secondly, mention of the University of Southern California raised my hackles because one of my goddaughters had her heart set on attending USC.  (The Times of San Diego)

He’s proud of his resistance to getting his hackles up when provoked, a skill he learned in part from the teachings of the Nation of Islam, to which he’s been an adherent, although an imperfect one, for a half century. (The Independent Weekly)

County Commissioner John Shafer said the size of the fleet “kind of got my hackles up” after he came into office in January.  (The East Oregonian)