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Roil vs royal

  • Roil and royal are commonly confused words that are pronounced in the same way but are spelled differently and have different meanings, which makes them homophones. Homophones are a group of words with different spellings, the same pronunciations, and different meanings. Homophones exist because of our ever-changing English language and are a challenge for those who wish to learn to speak English. It can be difficult to learn how to spell different words that sound the same, and homophones are commonly misused words. Said aloud, the difference is less important, because the words are pronounced the same. The way the spelling and definitions differ can be confusing even to native English speakers when attempting to learn vocabulary correctly. Proper pronunciation of spoken English may help the listener distinguish between homophones and understand the correct spelling; the words affect-effect are a good example, but the word pairs to, too and two, bridle and bridal, creek and creak, hoard and horde, toed and towed, or horse and hoarse, are indistinguishable from each other and are easily confused and are commonly misused. Pronunciation is usually more ambiguous, as English pronunciation may vary according to dialect, and English spelling is constantly evolving. Pronunciation may change even though the spelling doesn’t, producing two words that are pronounced in the same manner but have different meanings such as night and knight. Phonological spelling and spelling rules do not always work, and most people avoid misspelling by studying vocabulary words from spelling lists, enhancing their literacy skills through spelling practice, and learning words in English by studying a dictionary of the English language. English words are also spelled according to their etymologies rather than their sound. For instance, the word threw is derived from the Old English word thrawan, and the word through came from the Old English word thurh. Homophones are confusing words and are commonly misspelled words because of the confusion that arises from words that are pronounced alike but have very different usage and etymology. A spell checker will rarely find this type of mistake in English vocabulary, so do not rely on spell check but instead, learn to spell. Even a participant in a spelling bee like the National Spelling Bee will ask for an example of a homophone in a sentence, so that she understands which word she is to spell by using context clues. Homophones are often used in wordplay like puns. We will examine the different meanings of the homophonic words roil and royal, the word origins of the terms, and some examples of their English usage in sentences.



     

    Roil is a verb that means to disturb something, to make something confusing. Roil is used in a literal sense to describe turbulent liquid, such as a stormy sea or a the rapids on a river. Roil is also used figuratively to mean to stir up confusion in a situation. Related words are roils, roiled, roiling. The word roil is believed to have been derived from the French word, roullier, which means to make muddy.

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    Royal means belonging to the family of the sovereign ruler, such as the king or queen, or something that is suitable for a member of the family of the sovereign ruler. Royal is usually used as an adjective, though in British English, royal is used as a noun to mean a member of the ruling family. The word royal is derived from the Old French word, roial, which means regal.

    Examples

    President Trump’s implicit threat on Tuesday to reject a relief compromise that did not raise the bill’s $600 direct payment checks to $2,000 has continued to roil Congress and inject uncertainty into an already teetering economic recovery. (New York Times)

    Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s government expanded its market borrowing plan for a second time this year to an unprecedented 13 trillion rupees ($177 billion), a move that’s likely to roil the nation’s bond market. (Business Standard)

    A video of Prince Albert’s traditional holiday card made its debut on the royal’s official Facebook page on Wednesday — and the family’s message is simple: “May the spirit of Christmas be with you throughout the New Year/ We wish you a Merry Christmas and a happy New Year 2021.” (People Magazine)

    In fact, some royal experts think she might make some very big changes to how things works in the royal family when her husband, Prince William, becomes king. (Marie Claire)


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