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Inn vs in

  • Inn and in are commonly confused words that are pronounced in the same way when spoken aloud but are spelled differently and mean different things, which makes them homophones. Homophones are a group of words with different spellings, the same pronunciations, and different meanings. Homophones exist because of our ever-changing English language, and are a challenge for those who wish to learn to speak English. It can be difficult to learn how to spell different words that sound the same. The way the spelling and definitions differ can be confusing even to native English speakers when attempting to learn vocabulary correctly. Proper pronunciation of spoken English may help the listener distinguish between homophones; the words affect-effect are a good example, but the words to, too and two, or horse and hoarse, are indistinguishable from each other. Pronunciation is usually more ambiguous, as English pronunciation may vary according to dialect, and English spelling is constantly evolving. Pronunciation may change even though the spelling doesn’t, producing two words that are pronounced in the same manner but have different meanings such as night and knight. Phonological spelling and spelling rules do not always work, and most people avoid misspelling by studying vocabulary words from spelling lists, enhancing their literacy skills through spelling practice, and learning words in English by studying a dictionary of the English language. English words are also spelled according to their etymologies rather than their sound. For instance, the word threw is derived from the Old English word thrawan, and the word through came from the Old English word thurh. Homophones are confusing words and are commonly misspelled words because of the confusion that arises from words that are pronounced alike but have very different usage and etymology. A spell checker will rarely find this type of mistake in English vocabulary, so do not rely on spell check but instead, learn to spell. Even a participant in a spelling bee like the National Spelling Bee will ask for an example of a homophone in a sentence, so that she understands which word she is to spell by using context clues. We will examine the different meanings of the homophonic words inn and in, the word origin of the terms, and some examples of their English usage in sentences.


     

    An inn is a place where travelers my find rest and entertainment. In the United States, an inn is primarily a place of lodging, with amenities. In Britain, an inn may be a pub or a pub with accommodations. The word inn may be related to the Old Norse word inni, which means dwelling. The plural of inn is inns.

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    In means that something is included, not outside, it is part of or inside of something. In is used as a preposition, adjective, adverb, and sometimes a noun. In may refer to the location of something, either literally or figuratively. When used as a noun, in means to have access to power or to be included within an inner circle of power. In is derived from the Greek word, en.

    Examples

    Room at the Inn, an emergency homeless shelter, will host a volunteer social the first Sunday of every month. (The Mining Journal)

    While the inn has both a fire alarm and fire suppression system, the Office of the State Fire Marshal has cited the facility for failing to update its systems as required by the code. (The Westerly Sun)

    And yet, the old house reveals that while Mencken achieved his wide readership in journalism and literature, the place where he lived remains the chaste and unadorned home his cigar-making father bought in 1883. (The Baltimore Sun)

    The sale is highest-priced home to ever sell in Newport Harbor, said Tim Smith of Coldwell Banker, the listing agent. (The Orange County Register)

    About 16,000 years ago, on the banks of a river in western Idaho, people kindled fires, shaped stone blades and spearpoints, and butchered large mammals. (Science Magazine)


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