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Conduct vs conduct

  • Conduct and conduct  are two words that are spelled identically but are pronounced differently and have different meanings, which makes them heteronyms. These word pairs are often misused words. Heteronyms exist because of our ever-changing English language, and these words with the same spelling and different pronunciation and meaning are a challenge for those who wish to learn to speak English. It can be difficult to learn how to spell different words that look the same but are not pronounced the same, and how to use them in sentences, because they are easily confused. The way the pronunciations and definitions differ can be confusing even to native English speakers when attempting to learn vocabulary correctly. Phonological spelling and spelling rules do not always work, and most people avoid misspelling and misuse by studying vocabulary words from spelling lists, enhancing their literacy skills through spelling practice, and learning words in English by studying a dictionary of the English language. English words are also spelled according to their etymologies rather than their sound. For instance, the word tear meaning a liquid drop that falls from an eye is derived from the Old English word tear, meaning a drop or nectar; tear meaning to pull apart comes from the Old English word tearan, which means to lacerate. Heteronyms are confusing words and are commonly misspelled words because of the confusion that arises from words that are pronounced differently but are spelled the same and come from a different etymology. They are often used in puns and riddles. When reading, it is sometimes difficult to know which word is being used in a sentence and how to pronounce the word phonetically. A spell checker will rarely find this type of mistake in English vocabulary, so do not rely on spell check for these commonly confused words but instead, learn to spell. Even a participant in a spelling bee like the National Spelling Bee will ask for an example of a heteronym in a sentence, so that she understands which word she is to spell by using context clues. Do not confuse heteronyms with homophones, which are two or more words that are pronounced in the same way but are spelled differently and have different meanings like sow and sew; do not confuse them with homonyms, which are words that have the same spelling and pronunciation but different meanings like spring as in spring forth and spring as in the season of the year. Heteronyms are a type of homograph, which is a word that is spelled the same as another word but has a different meaning. We will examine the definitions of the words conduct and conduct, where these words came from, and a few examples of their use in sentences.

     

    Conduct (kun DUKT) is a verb that means to guide, lead, organize, or direct something or someone. For instance, one may conduct a tour of a building, conduct an experiment, or conduct an orchestra. Conduct may also refer to the transference of energy, such as electrical energy. Conduct may also refer to how someone behaves, or how one conducts himself. Related words are conducts, conducted, conducting.

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    Conduct (KAHN dukt) is a noun that means the manner in which one behaves or the manner in which an action is carried out. Both the verb form and noun form of conduct are derived from the Latin word, conducere, which means to bring together or to lead.

    Examples

    At the request of the sheriff and the Calvert County State’s Attorney, the investigation is being conducted by the Maryland State Police Homicide Unit. (Southern Maryland News)

    As the clip went viral on social media platforms on Sunday, Minister for Revenue and Disaster Management K.K.S.S.R. Ramachandran replied to one of the users who shared the video on Twitter that the District Collector has been directed to conduct an inquiry and further action will be initiated soon. (The Hindu)

    The lengthy Times report, which was published on Sunday, alleged that the Microsoft cofounder, 65, was known for exhibiting “questionable conduct in work-related settings,” and “on at least a few occasions” made attempts to pursue women who worked for him both at Microsoft and at the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, which he founded with his estranged wife in 2000. (People Magazine)

     A Kingston police officer has been suspended without pay for 30 days due to conduct that occurred while not on duty, according to Chief Egidio Tinti. (Daily Freeman)


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