• When the -ing form of a verb acts as a noun, it is a gerund. Gerunds are identical to but different from present participles, which are -ing verbs that function as adjectives. For example, bleeding is a gerund when it’s a noun (e.g., stop the bleeding) and a present participle when it functions as an adjective (e.g., the bleeding man). So, when we see the word bleeding on its own, it’s impossible to say whether it is a gerund or a present participle. It can’t be both, but we need context to determine which it is. 


    All the -ing words below are examples of gerunds because they function as nouns:


    Winter is the time for surfing in Hong Kong … [CNN]

    There was crying from every corner. [pasungilidakshina]

    … The meaningless plungings of water and the wind … [Wallace Stevens]

    To all the people who want to go kite-flying and don’t know where to find kites, let me tell you … [Violin Gal]


    1. Make sure you know that “his bleeding all night could be fatal” is the proper usage and not “him bleeding all night could be fatal.”  Why?  Gerunds take the possessive. 

    2. duh

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