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Turn over vs turnover

  • Turn over is a verbal phrase. Turnover is a closed compound word. A compound word is a word derived from two or more separate words used together to create another word. Compound words are new words that have a different meaning than the definitions of the original words. Compound words are usually composed of two nouns, or an adjective and a noun. New compound words usually consist of two or more separate words, and are called open compound words. Midway through their evolution, compound words may acquire hyphens between the two or more words. A hyphenated compound word is a compound that is composed of two or more words linked by hyphens. Hyphenated compound words are the most likely type of compound words to be composed of two adjectives or two verbs. Hyphenated compound words are often coined by writers, as J.K. Rowling did when she created the phrase He-Who-Must-Not-Be-Named to describe Lord Voldemort. In general, hyphenated compound words are midway on the journey between being rendered as separate words to being rendered as one word. When a compound becomes a closed compound word, which consists of two or more words joined without any hyphen or space, it has usually been in use for a long time. The advent of the internet has sped up the process of becoming a closed compound word. Understanding words that are compound words will expand one’s basic English vocabulary. We will examine the meaning of the terms turn over and turnover, their etymologies, and some examples of their use in a sentence or two.

     

    Turn over means to flip something upside down, to start a combustion engine, to consider an idea or book slowly, or to give possession of something to someone else. Turn over is a verbal phrase; related phrases are turns over, turned over, turning over.

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    Turnover may mean the amount of money a business takes in over a short period of time; the rate at which employees join a company and leave a company; the rate at which inventory is sold and replaced; the relinquishment of the ball during a game; or a small pie with crust that is folded in half. The word turnover is a closed compound word that came into use in the mid-1600s. The plural of turnover is turnovers.

    Examples

    Beaufort County Council members want to turn over intersection project to Bluffton (Bluffton Today)

    Turn over a rock and you’ll find it teeming with family secrets: incest, murder, madness. (Publishers Weekly)

    The turnover on Detroit’s council marks the most the city has seen since five new members were elected amid Detroit’s bankruptcy in 2013. (Detroit News)

    Finish it up with a delicious, chocolate cupcake, or one of their many other baked goods: baklava, caramel brownie square, apple turnover, tiramisu, and plenty more. (Norwich Bulletin)


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