Analyses vs analyzes

  Analyze, which is analyse outside the US, means to intently inspect an object or person. This inspection can be with the intent to discover, explain, quantify, or reveal. One can analyze a person, grammar, or any number of fields of study. When someone, outside of the US, inspects something, he or she analyses it. The final syllable is pronounced the same way it is in the US (zehz). An analysis is the process or outcome of analyzing, the process of inspecting something closely to … [Read more...]

Aggrandize

Aggrandize is a transitive verb, used with an object, that means to cause something or someone to be or appear to be magnified or greater. It can be in relation to size, quantity, wealth, or prominence. One of the more common ways this word is used today is paired with the prefix self-. To self-aggrandize is to make oneself appear to be more important or bigger. One can be a self-aggrandizer. The noun form is aggrandizement and a person who aggrandizes something is … [Read more...]

Co-ordinate vs coordinate

Co-ordinate is the exact same word as coordinate. As an adjective they can mean to be the same standing or rank, relating to coordination, or relating to an intersection of indices. As a verb it means for things to work or flow smoothly as a group, or to cause things to work or flow smoothly together as a group. And, finally, as a noun, it may mean a part of a set of numbers or symbols used to find a position on a map or graph. Clothing that coordinates are sometimes called coordinates. While … [Read more...]

Candor or candour

  Candor is a noun meaning complete honesty or fairness. Sometimes it is used in the construction complete candor, but this is redundant. It is not pejorative or carry the connotation that candor is harsh, simply that what is said or done can be believed. The negative formation is usually having a lack of candor. Candor is the preferred spelling inside the United States. Candour is the preferred spelling outside the US. Candor is pronounced with an er sound at the end, while … [Read more...]

Synchronise or synchronize

Synchronize is a verb meaning to make two or more objects or actions happen in the same moment. Outside the United States it is spelled synchronise. The verb can be conjugated through all its forms, such as, synchronized, synchronizing, synchronised, and synchronising. A person or object which creates synchronization is a synchronizer.  Examples Based on those statistics and studies that have proven light’s ability to synchronize the body’s natural clock, Holi created SleepCompanion, … [Read more...]

Aetiology or etiology

This is a classic case of spelling difference between American English and British English. Etiology or aetiology is most commonly used as a medical term for the cause of a certain disease. It is also the name of the field of medicine focused on finding the cause of conditions or diseases. Outside the United States we find aetiology, aetiologies, aetiologic, aetiological, and aetiologically. Examples Using as a case study Robert Burton’s 1621 book, The Anatomy of Melancholy, Kendler … [Read more...]

Letter names

Each letter of the English alphabet can be spelled as itself (e.g., a DJ or T-shirt) or it can be spelled out using its name (e.g., a deejay or tee-shirt). Vowels still stand for themselves, and while very rare, the plural of vowels are made by adding -es. In the capitalized form the plurals are made by either -s or -'s (e.g., L's or As). Spelling letters usually occurs in compound names or derivatives. These spellings are different than the phonetic alphabet used to distinguish similar … [Read more...]

Demeanor or demeanour

Someone's demeanor is his or her outward behavior, or the way he or she appears to others. It is spelled demeanour outside the United States. The spelling change extends to misdemeanor and misdemeanour. Side note: The United States borrowed the word misdemeanor from the United Kingdom. Misdemeanor adds the prefix mis- which denotes that the subsequent action has been done wrongly or badly (e.g., misheard, misread, misunderstood). In the United Kingdom demeanour was also a verb, so … [Read more...]

Civilise vs. civilize

Civilize means to increase the social standards of a people or a place. It can also be used as an adjective in the form of civilized to describe something as polite or having good manners. Outside of North America it is spelled civilise and civilised. The spelling changes extend to other derivations of the word such as civilization and civilisation, which means a group of people who function in a group.  Examples Complicating the reputation of communist rule in Xinjiang are controversial … [Read more...]

Nascent

Nascent is an adjective used to describe something as newly formed or just beginning to be in existence. Sometimes it is used to describe something with the potential for growth. It can be pronounced with either and long or short /a/ sound (nay cent or naa cent) in the US, while England uses the long /a/ sound exclusively. The noun form is nascence or nascency, which makes nascencies in the plural. Examples Now that the proposals on constitutional amendments were tabled in Parliament, as … [Read more...]

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