Cloture and closure are two words that are often confused. We will examine the difference between the definitions for cloture and closure, where these words came from and some examples of their use in sentences.
Cloture is the process used to quickly end the debate on business that is before a legislature, usually used in reference to the United States Senate. Cloture is rarely invoked in the United States Senate. In Canada, the United Kingdom and New Zealand the term for such a process is closure, in Australia it is called a guillotine. The word cloture arrives in American English in the 1870s, it is a loanword derived from the French word clôture.
Loanwords and loan phrases are terms that have been taken from other languages and used as English words and phrases.
Closure is the process of closing something, of sealing something, of ending something. Closure is the act of concluding something. The word closure is used informally to mean coming to terms with the passing of someone or something, to process loss. The word closure is derived from the Latin word clausura which means closed.
The cloture rule was created back in 1917 as a way to end debate and used for the first time in 1919, when the Senate invoked it to end a filibuster on the Treaty of Versailles. (USA Today)
The long-expected announcement of the filibuster plan came from Senate Minority Leader Charles E. Schumer (D-N.Y.). In a message on Twitter, Schumer said that Gorsuch would “face a cloture vote,” referring to the Senate process for filibusters. (Los Angeles Times)
Three closure orders were also served under EU foodstuffs regulations, on Hailan Asian Cuisine Restaurant, 2 Mahers Terrace, Main Street, Dundrum, Dublin 14; Plaza Inn takeaway, 7 Sundrive Road, Dublin 12, and Indiana restaurant/café, 22 Main Street, Gorey, Co Wexford. (The Irish Times)
Mr Caird, 40, added that though the closure of his first enterprise had been “a little while coming”, he still felt a very strong emotional attachment to it. (Hampstead and Highgate Express)