Smelled vs. smelt

  • In American and Canadian English, the verb smell makes smelled in the past tense and as a past participle. Outside North America, English speakers use smelled and smelt interchangeably, and neither form is significantly more common than the other.


    For North Americans, smelt usually means (1) to melt or fuse ores, and (2) any of several small, silvery fishes of the family Osmeridae found in fresh waters of the northern hemisphere. Smelt as a form of smell is not unheard of in North America, but it is rare (see the Ngram below), appearing mainly in the rhyming jocular expression whoever smelt it dealt it (and its variants).

    This ngram suggests that smelled may now be more common than smelt in British English (though this does not mean that smelt is wrong):

    And this one suggests that smelled has been preferred in American English since the early 20th century:



    Outside North America

    In the film, Zuckerberg, having smelt success, quits college and throws everything at Facebook. [Telegraph]

    And if voters did not know what it meant to prorogue Parliament, they certainly smelt a rat. [Sydney Morning Herald]

    The moment they smelt weakness, they were all over South Africa like a cheap rash. [Guardian]


    1. Annieo1900 says

      Smelt is a fish.

    2. Calvin Yew says

      You smelt like a smelt

      • Anne Murray Jarvis says

        So smelt is also a past tense of the word smell and it is more British while smelled is commonly used in american english

        • Not really correct; smelt and smelled do have slightly different meaning in British English. People do interchange them but shouldn’t.

          When should you use ‘sank’ and ‘sunk’?

    3. Massiel Hummel says

      We’re lazy.. I believe the correct term should be SMELT.. we just tend to add “ed” to everything when referring to something that is past tense.. Soon we’ll be saying gooses.. instead of geese. This country’s grammer is going to shits! (its sad)

    4. British stock says

      Not quite accurate. I’m a 3rd to 7th generation Canadian whose family mostly came from the Channel Islands. Everyone in my family uses “smelt”, not “smelled”. The same is true of my wife’s family (2 to 6 generations in Canada, originally from Cornwall and Devon, England); they all use smelt as well. I come from southern Ontario, my wife, from northern Ontario, so this usage is not a simple local anomaly.

      • Anthony Crossland says

        Yes, I’m sure it’s a regional thing. It may be different in say, Northern or Southern England. My only gripe is people who think just because they have always used one form, anyone else who uses anything different must be wrong.

    5. I prefer the spelling of “smelt” over “smelled”. Looks better.

    6. For some reason, I always thought smelled was the past tense of smell, an action you did with your nose, “She smelled the roses,” and smelt was the past tense of smell, the odor one gives off. “She smelt terrible.”

      And until now that’s how I used them. Guess I wasn’t technically wrong.

      • TheGrammaticalSnark says

        Correct; smelt is not transitive, it is used in order to describe essences. In contrast, smelled is transitive and used in furtherance of an action verb.

      • Quite correct, I’ve always been taught that way.

    7. Caleb Harvey says

      Then someone needs to explain to me how every child in America knows the phrase “He who smelt it dealt it.” And how I, as an American, came to this page after seeing someone in a former British colony (Hong Kong) write ‘smelled’ (intransitive) and thought it looked wrong.

    8. Mitchell Leitman says

      Definitely pronounced smelt in Canada in my experience, even though both spellings are used.

    9. “Smelt” is correct.
      Not “smelled”.

    10. Anthony Crossland says

      There is nothing wrong with using ‘smelt’ instead of “smelled”, and it is certainly widespread in the UK. It is not lazy or bad grammar. In fact trying to standardise grammar by telling people they should not use it would be totally unacceptable. It is the quirks like this which help make English such a rich and wonderful language.

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