Read the room is a twentieth century idiom. An idiom is a commonly used word, group of words, or phrase that has a figurative meaning that is not easily deduced from its literal definition. Often using descriptive imagery or metaphors, common idioms are words and phrases used in the English language in order to convey a concise idea, and are often spoken or are considered informal or conversational. English idioms can illustrate emotion more quickly than a phrase that has a literal meaning, even when the etymology or origin of the idiomatic expression is lost. An idiom is a metaphorical figure of speech, and it is understood that it is not a use of literal language. Figures of speech like an often-used metaphor have definitions and connotations that go beyond the literal meaning of the words. Mastery of the turn of phrase of an idiom, which may use slang words or other parts of speech common in American slang or British slang, is essential for the English learner. Many English as a Second Language students do not understand idiomatic expressions and idiomatic language such as hit the sack, spill the beans, let the cat out of the bag, silver lining, back to the drawing board, barking up the wrong tree, kick the bucket, hit the nail on the head, face the music, under the weather, piece of cake, when pigs fly, and raining cats and dogs, because they attempt to translate them word for word, which yields only the literal meaning. English phrases that are idioms should not be taken literally. In addition to learning vocabulary and grammar, one must understand the phrasing of the figurative language of idiomatic phrases in order to know English like a native speaker; it is helpful to maintain a list of phrases, common expressions, colloquial terms, and popular expressions to memorize that are used figuratively or idiomatically. We will examine the meaning of the common idiom read the room where it came from, and some examples of its idiomatic usage in sentences.
Read the room means to observe a group of people and understand their collective mood, emotions, opinions, and tendencies. Read the room usually refers to a literal roomful of people, but it may mean a certain demographic or clientele. The expression read the room is found as early as the 1970s, but in this case, it was used by a thief to mean to observe where things are located in a room and the thief’s access to them. In the 1990s, the phrase read the room began to be used by marketing executives to mean to understand the motivations, feelings, and mood of a certain group of people.
It’s harder to pick up informal gossip, “read the room,” take in the hundreds of informational cues that used to pepper the workday. (Newsweek)
Pelosi gave McCarthy a day to read the room. (Time)
By the time the 2pm national cabinet meeting rolled around, Berejiklian had read the room and softened her stance. (Sydney Morning Herald)