Passing the Torch – How To Properly Transfer Responsibilities

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Danielle McLeod

Danielle McLeod is a highly qualified secondary English Language Arts Instructor who brings a diverse educational background to her classroom. With degrees in science, English, and literacy, she has worked to create cross-curricular materials to bridge learning gaps and help students focus on effective writing and speech techniques. Currently working as a dual credit technical writing instructor at a Career and Technical Education Center, her curriculum development surrounds student focus on effective communication for future career choices.

Pass the torch is an idiom that refers to handing off the responsibility of a job, duty, or responsibility to another. It has a positive connotation and suggests handing off the torch to the person you want to succeed in something. 

Idioms, such as pass the torch, are phrases that have a definition different from their literal meaning. They are essential in the English language because they enrich communication by adding color, depth, and cultural context. Learning their meanings can help you master their use. 

This article discusses the idiom’s deeper meaning, variations, proper usage, origin, and some synonyms. A quick quiz is also included to test your knowledge of this idiom. So keep reading to understand the full meaning of pass the torch and how to apply it to your material.

Passing the Torch How To Properly Transfer Responsibilities 2

What Does the Idiom Pass the Torch Mean?

The idiom pass the torch means to transfer responsibilities, duties, or a position of leadership from one person to another. It is often used when there is a leadership change within a company, team, or organization.

Merriam-Webster defines pass the torch as “to give one’s job, duties, etc., to another person.” In addition, explains that it infers a “relinquish [of] responsibilities, a tradition, practice, or knowledge to another.”

To pass on the torch or hand on the torch to another involves trusting one’s successor to do as good a job or a better job than one has accomplished. Usually, one will pass the torch to someone who has been groomed for the position. 

Literal Meaning

The literal meaning of pass the torch refers to the act of physically handing over a lit torch to someone else. The phrase comes from the tradition of relay races, where one runner passes a baton (or, historically, a torch) to another runner to continue the race. 

More detail concerning this tradition is explained in the origin section. 

Figurative Meaning

The figurative meaning of to pass the torch or to hand over the torch is to hand over a job, responsibility, duty, or knowledge to a successor. The idea is that one is going into retirement or ending a successful career. 

Is There a Difference Between Pass the Torch and Hand Over the Torch?

There is no difference in definition between passing the torch and handing over the torch. Pass the torch is generally the American version of the idiom, and hand on the torch is the British version.

Variations of Pass the Torch

Here are some variations of the idiom pass the torch, which maintains its original meaning of transferring responsibilities or leadership: 

  • Passing the torch
  • Passed the torch
  • Passing of the torch
  • Pass the torch on
  • Give the torch
  • Handing over the torch
  • The torch has been passed on
  • Relinquishing the torch

How Is Pass the Torch Commonly Used in Context?

Pass the torch is commonly used in various contexts to describe the transfer of responsibility, leadership, or authority from one person to another. Understanding the context is vital to determine its meaning. 

What Are the Different Ways to Use Pass the Torch?

Here are some ways to use the idiom pass the torch:

  • Leadership transition: In organizational settings, pass the torch is often used to describe the transfer of leadership from one person to another. 
  • Succession planning: Pass the torch can be used in the context of succession planning, where a person prepares a successor to take over their role or responsibilities in the future.
  • Mentorship and knowledge transfer: The phrase can also be used to describe the process of passing on knowledge, skills, or expertise from an experienced individual to a less experienced person.
  • Passing on a tradition or legacy: Passing the torch can be used to convey the idea of passing on traditions, values, or legacies from one generation to the next.
  • Sporting references: In the context of sports, pass the torch can refer to the act of passing a baton in a relay race, symbolizing the transfer of responsibility and maintaining momentum.

Where Can You Find Examples of Pass the Torch?

Although most idioms are used in an informal or casual context, pass the torch is more likely to be accepted in a formal setting compared to other metaphorical or slang expressions. 

To pass the torch is a common phrase. Because it is closely related to succession, you will likely see it in various publications, online media, newspapers, and journalism, as well as in corporate, financial, or business discussions. 

For example, these two newspaper publications highlight its use in different scenarios:

  • The two worked out an arrangement beneficial to both, and as of the first of the year, Dr. Jacobs will pass the torch along to Dr. Crow.  (The Moulton Advertiser)
  • The southpaw had to hand on the torch to Mushfiqur in 2011 after Bangladesh were beaten in Test and ODI series in Zimbabwe. (The Bangladesh News)

What Are Some Tips for Using Pass the Torch Effectively?

Here are some tips for effectively using the expression:

  • Understand the context: Identify situations where a transfer of responsibility, leadership, or authority is occurring, and consider how pass the torch can convey that meaning figuratively.
  • Use descriptive language: When using the idiom, provide additional context or description to clarify your meaning. For example, instead of simply saying, “He passed the torch,” you can say, “After years of leading the team, Monty gracefully passed the torch of leadership to his capable successor.”
  • Consider the emotional impact: Pass the torch can carry emotional weight, signifying trust, mentorship, or the passing of a legacy. 

Using Pass the Torch in Sentences

  • After years of dedicated service, the retiring professor decided it was time to pass the torch to a new generation of educators.
  • The team captain, knowing it was her final season, passed the torch to a promising young player who would lead the team to victory in the upcoming championships.
  • As the senior partner in the law firm prepared for retirement, she carefully selected a capable attorney to pass the torch and ensure the firm’s continued success.
  • The retiring coach passed the torch to his assistant, who had been diligently learning and preparing to take over the team.

What Is the Origin of the Idiom Pass the Torch?

Pass the Torch Ngram
Pass the torch usage trend.

The idiom pass the torch originated from the ancient Greek tradition of torch races, called Lampadedromia, during which a lit torch was passed from one runner to another. These relay races were part of religious ceremonies and also played a significant part during the Olympic Games.

The act of passing the lit torch symbolizes the transfer of knowledge and civilization, a metaphor that carries into its modern idiomatic usage, signifying the transfer of duty or responsibility.

The flame was ignited by the high priestess using a ceremonial parabolic mirror to catch the rays of the sun. In Athens, a ceremonial torch was carried during the Panathenaia fest by a relay of torch runners between the altar of Prometheus and Athena. This ceremony eventually became a popular relay race, where runners competed by carrying and passing burning torches. 

The Ancient Olympic Games did not involve a relay of torchbearers to light a cauldron at an opening ceremony. That tradition was added to the modern Olympic Games. 

How Did the Idiom Evolve Over Time?

The significance of passing the torch to keep the flame alive has been applied metaphorically for hundreds of years. Although it wasn’t well documented in the English language until the early 1800s, it is a well-used phrase in other cultures as well and most likely has a rich oral tradition. 

What Are Some Related Terms to Pass the Torch?

To help you better understand the use of this idiom, alternative phrases and keywords can be used to provide context. The following offers various related terms for your mastery of its use. 

Passing the Torch How To Properly Transfer Responsibilities 1


  • Hand over the reins
  • Pass the baton
  • Transfer power
  • Yield control
  • Concede authority
  • Delegate responsibility
  • Turn over the helm
  • Relinquish command


  • Retain control
  • Hold onto the reins
  • Keep the baton
  • Maintain leadership
  • Refuse to delegate

Related Terms and Phrases (Latent Semantic Indexing Keywords)

  • Succession
  • Leadership transition
  • Transfer of responsibility
  • Handover of authority
  • Passing on the baton
  • Transition of power
  • Transfer of control
  • Change of command
  • Successor
  • Inheritance of duties


Just like any phrase, misinterpretations or misunderstandings can arise. Here are a few potential misconceptions of the idiom pass the torch:

  • Literal interpretation: One possible misinterpretation is taking the phrase literally as if it involves physically passing an actual torch from one person to another. 
  • Exclusive interpretation: Another misinterpretation could be viewing it as an exclusive action, where only one person or a select few individuals are chosen to receive the torch. 
  • Fixed interpretation: A misinterpretation could arise when pass the torch is seen as a fixed or rigid process, implying that once the torch is passed, the responsibility or authority cannot be shared or redistributed further.
  • Limited interpretation: Sometimes, pass the torch might be narrowly interpreted as solely related to professional or leadership roles. 
Pass the Torch: Test Your Knowledge!

Pass the Torch: Test Your Knowledge!

Choose the correct answer.

True or False: “Pass the torch” implies a one-way transfer of responsibility or authority from one person to another.
Which of the following best describes the nature of “pass the torch”?
Can “pass the torch” be applied only to professional or leadership roles?
What does the idiom “pass the torch” generally refer to?
Where did the phrase “pass the torch” originate from?
Start Over

Let’s Review

The idiom pass the torch symbolizes the transfer of responsibilities, roles, or leadership from one individual to another. It is a rich linguistic tool with roots in ancient Greek traditions, adding historical depth and cultural context to modern English.

Familiarity with idioms enriches our language repertoire, enhancing not only our communication but also our understanding of cultural nuances.