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Project vs project

  • Project and project are two words that are spelled identically but are pronounced differently and have different meanings, which makes them heteronyms. These word pairs are often misused words. Heteronyms exist because of our ever-changing English language, and these words with the same spelling and different pronunciation and meaning are a challenge for those who wish to learn to speak English. It can be difficult to learn how to spell different words that look the same but are not pronounced the same, and how to use them in sentences, because they are easily confused. The way the pronunciations and definitions differ can be confusing even to native English speakers when attempting to learn vocabulary correctly. Phonological spelling and spelling rules do not always work, and most people avoid misspelling and misuse by studying vocabulary words from spelling lists, enhancing their literacy skills through spelling practice, and learning words in English by studying a dictionary of the English language. English words are also spelled according to their etymologies rather than their sound. For instance, the word tear meaning a liquid drop that falls from an eye is derived from the Old English word tear, meaning a drop or nectar; tear meaning to pull apart comes from the Old English word tearan, which means to lacerate. Heteronyms are confusing words and are commonly misspelled words because of the confusion that arises from words that are pronounced differently but are spelled the same and come from a different etymology. They are often used in puns and riddles. When reading, it is sometimes difficult to know which word is being used in a sentence and how to pronounce the word phonetically. A spell checker will rarely find this type of mistake in English vocabulary, so do not rely on spell check for these commonly confused words but instead, learn to spell. Even a participant in a spelling bee like the National Spelling Bee will ask for an example of a heteronym in a sentence, so that she understands which word she is to spell by using context clues. Do not confuse heteronyms with homophones, which are two or more words that are pronounced in the same way but are spelled differently and have different meanings like sow and sew; do not confuse them with homonyms, which are words that have the same spelling and pronunciation but different meanings like spring as in spring forth and spring as in the season of the year. Heteronyms are a type of homograph, which is a word that is spelled the same as another word but has a different meaning. We will examine the definitions of the words project and project, where these words came from, and a few examples of their use in sentences.

     

    Project (PRAH jekt) is a noun that means an undertaking, an enterprise, a plan or program, sometimes involving collaboration with others. The plural form is projects. The word project is derived from the Latin word, proiectum, which means a thing that is thrown.

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    Project (proh JEKT) is a verb that means to 1.) extend outward; 2.) move forward; 3.) speak loudly enough to be heard a great distance; 4.) throw light or an image displayed through light; 5.) present a certain image of oneself to the public; 6.) attribute one’s own thoughts and feeling to another; or 7.) make a prediction about the future based on current data. The word project is a transitive verb, which is a verb that takes an object. Related words are projects, projected, projecting, projection. The word project is derived from the Latin word, projectare, which means to thrust forward.

    Examples

    In the last few months, she’s sharpened that skill by learning how to create and design in 3D as part of a project to leave a legacy behind after she leaves the Canton school. (Atlanta Journal Constitution)

    The 93rd Academy Awards announced the shortlists in nine categories today and Indian Women Rising’s first project ‘Bittu’ made it to the Live Action Short Film shortlist. (New India Times)

    The main character is a blank canvas of a woman who is written with purposeful blandness so that anyone can project onto her, imagining ourselves in the fairytale. (Glamour Magazine)

    They record each other on phones which project onto a wall. (Philadelphia Inquirer)


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