Estimate vs estimate

Estimate and estimate  are two words that are spelled identically but are pronounced differently and have different meanings, which makes them heteronyms. These word pairs are often misused words. Heteronyms exist because of our ever-changing English language, and these words with the same spelling and different pronunciation and meaning are a challenge for those who wish to learn to speak English. It can be difficult to learn how to spell different words that look the same but are not pronounced the same, and how to use them in sentences, because they are easily confused. The way the pronunciations and definitions differ can be confusing even to native English speakers when attempting to learn vocabulary correctly. Phonological spelling and spelling rules do not always work, and most people avoid misspelling and misuse by studying vocabulary words from spelling lists, enhancing their literacy skills through spelling practice, and learning words in English by studying a dictionary of the English language. English words are also spelled according to their etymologies rather than their sound. For instance, the word tear meaning a liquid drop that falls from an eye is derived from the Old English word tear, meaning a drop or nectar; tear meaning to pull apart comes from the Old English word tearan, which means to lacerate. Heteronyms are confusing words and are commonly misspelled words because of the confusion that arises from words that are pronounced differently but are spelled the same and come from a different etymology. They are often used in puns and riddles. When reading, it is sometimes difficult to know which word is being used in a sentence and how to pronounce the word phonetically. A spell checker will rarely find this type of mistake in English vocabulary, so do not rely on spell check for these commonly confused words but instead, learn to spell. Even a participant in a spelling bee like the National Spelling Bee will ask for an example of a heteronym in a sentence, so that she understands which word she is to spell by using context clues. Do not confuse heteronyms with homophones, which are two or more words that are pronounced in the same way but are spelled differently and have different meanings like sow and sew; do not confuse them with homonyms, which are words that have the same spelling and pronunciation but different meanings like spring as in spring forth and spring as in the season of the year. Heteronyms are a type of homograph, which is a word that is spelled the same as another word but has a different meaning. We will examine the definitions of the words estimate and estimate, where these words came from, and a few examples of their use in sentences. 

Estimate (ESS tuh mate) means to make a rough calculation or rough judgement about something: its cost, size, quantity, value, quality, etc. Estimate is a transitive verb, which is a verb that takes an object. Related words are estimates, estimated, estimating, estimation. The word estimate is derived from the Latin word, aestimatus, which means to appraise.

Estimate (ESS tuh mutt) is a noun that means an approximation, a guess, or a rough calculation or judgement about something’s cost, size, quantity, value, quality, etc. The plural form is estimates. The word estimate is also derived from the Latin word, aestimatus.

Examples

Whether you plan to sell your home, refinance your mortgage, borrow from your home equity, or just want to estimate your net worth, it’s important to understand how much your home is worth. (Philadelphia Inquirer)

We estimate that more than 1,500 adults and kids were helped with the money. (Dispatch Argus)

The number of golden eagles that spend summers in Alaska is more than three times the previous estimate, biologists just determined. (Anchorage Daily News)

Australia’s Fortescue Metals Group raised the cost estimate for its Iron Bridge magnetite project for the second time this year on Friday, citing the impact of inflation on expenses and labour constraints to push back first production. (Reuters)

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