French numbers

Photo of author


French uses the same numbers as English, but the spellings and pronunciations are quite different. There are no simple memory tricks for remembering French numbers, so they just have to be memorized.

Zero through 19

French Pronunciation Number
zéro zay-ro 0
un(e) uhn/oon 1
deux duh 2
trois twah 3
quatre kah-tr 4
cinq sank 5
six sees 6
sept set 7
huit wheet 8
neuf nuf 9
dix dees 10
onze ohnz 11
douze dooze 12
treize trayze 13
quatorze ka-torze 14
quinze kaynz 15
seize sayze 16
dix-sept dees-set 17
dix-huit deez-wheat 18
dix-neuf dees-nuf 19

20 through 69

The French 20 through 69 follow a pattern that is very similar to the English pattern. First, there are the multiples of tens—just like twenty, thirty, forty, and so on—and then the numbers one through nine are added. Two through nine are added with a hyphen, and one is added with et un, without a hyphen. To illustrate, here’s 20 through 29:

vingt vehn 20
vingt et un vehn-tay-uhn 21
vingt-deux vehn-doo 22
vingt-trois vehn-twah 23
vingt-quatre vehn-kah-tr 24
vingt-cinq vehn-sank 25
vingt-six vehn-sees 26
vingt-sept vehn-set 27
vingt-huit vehn-wheat 28
vingt-neuf vehn-noof 29

30 through 69 follow the same pattern. Here are the multiples of ten:

trente trahnt 30
quarante karant 40
cinquante sank-ahnt 50
soixante swahz-ahnt 60

70 through 99

With 70 through 99, things get a little tricky. Rather than using direct French equivalents of seventy, eighty, and ninety, we use the equivalent of sixty-ten for seventy, four-twenty for eighty, and four-twenty-ten for ninety. Here’s how it works:

soixante-dix swahz-ahnt-dees 70
soixante et onze swahz-ahnt-ay-ohnze 71
soixante-dooz swahz-ahnt-dooz 72
soixante-treize swahz-ahnt-trayze 73

The pattern continues through seventy-nine. Here’s how the eighties and nineties work:

quatre-vingt katr-vehn 80
quatre-vingt-un katr-vehn-un 81
quatre-vingt-deux katr-vehn-doo 82
quatre-vingt-dix katr-vehn-dees 90
quatre-vingt-onze katr-vehn-ohnz 91
quatre-vingt-douze katr-vehn-dooz 92

100 through 999

If you’ve memorized everything above, the hundreds are easy. The word for hundred is cent, and all you do is follow cent with a space and the number:

cent sahn 100
cent un sahn-un 101
cent deux sahn-doo 102

This continues to 199. For 200 and above, add the number before cent. With multiples of 100, cent becomes the plural cents. For all other numbers, cent stays singular—for example:

deux cents doo-sahn 200
deux cent deux doo-sahn-doo 202
quatre cents kah-tr-sahn 400
neuf cents nuf-sahn 900
neuf cents cinquante-cinq nuf-sahn sank-ahnt-sank 955

1,000 and above

For 1,000 and above, use these examples as a guide:

mille meel 1,000
deux mille dix doo mee-yh dees 2,010
deux mille neuf cents cinquante-cinq doo mee-yh nuf-sahn sank-ahnt-sank 2,955
trente mille trahnt meel 30,000
un million uhn mee-yohn 1,000,000
deux million cent mille doo mee-yohn sahn meel 2,100,000

Comments are closed.