Gaelic vs Gallic

Gaelic and Gallic are words that are close in spelling and pronunciation and may be considered confusables. We will examine the different meanings of the confusables Gaelic and Gallic, the word origins of the terms, and some examples of their English usage in sentences.

Gaelic is an adjective that means relating to the Gaels in Ireland and Scotland, especially the Gaelic language. The Gaels were a Celtic tribe that inhabited Ireland, Scotland, and the Isle of Man, where many of their descendants live today. Note that Gaelic is capitalized because it is derived from a proper noun.

Gallic is an adjective that means relating to the French. Gallic is derived from the word Gauls, who were a Celtic tribe that inhabited France, Belgium, Switzerland, Germany, and Italy. Today, Gallic almost exclusive refers to something connected with France. Note that Gallic is capitalized because it is derived from a proper noun.

Examples

Màrtainn Bàillidh, a member of the team that created the Gaelic course on Duolingo – a popular language learning app – says the new interest in the language is “fantastic”. (The National)

It’s 50 years since a Gaelic football team played in east Belfast, and some 400 years since the last known hurling match – St Colmcille’s football team closed as the Troubles descended on Northern Ireland, and there’s been no record of hurling since the Gaelic lord Conn O’Neill’s rule in the 16th century. (The Guardian)

Directed by French cartoonist and comic book artist Aurel, Josep revisits a period in Gallic history that’s rarely been portrayed on screen or recounted in classrooms, which makes it a fascinating learning tool as well. (The Hollywood Reporter)

It’s been dubbed a crime against accents that has us cringing like our Gallic counterparts did at Emily in Paris. (The Independent)