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Melted vs. molten

Melted is the past tense and past participle of the verb to melt. For example, we say something melted yesterday, that something has melted in the sun, and that the thing that was left in the sun is melted.

Molten is another participial adjective derived from melt, but in today’s English it is used primarily in reference to melted metals and minerals. And even in reference to these things, melted is often used as the past tense. For example, we might write the molten copper melted yesterday.

Examples

Melted


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The piles of snow brought on by a bad winter storm a few weeks ago have melted due to unseasonably warm temperatures.[St. Louis Post-Dispatch]

The riot police have melted into the background and a number of prisoners have been released with a royal pardon. [letter to BBC News]

Place over hot, not simmering, water and stir constantly until 3/4 of the chocolate has melted. [Vancouver Sun]

Molten

Molten sulfur is used to make sulfuric acid and to bleach wood pulp for paper manufacturing. [Roanoke Times]

Indeed, the most tangible reminder of the molten metal that was the city’s lifeblood is the name of Pittsburgh’s indecently successful NFL team, the Steelers. [Independent]

The wax is then melted and drained away, leaving the mold open to be filled with molten sculpture material. [Stuff.co.nz]

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Comments

  1. Afshin Nejat says:

    “Melted” has even begun to be more used than “molten” as an adjective in contexts other than smelting, metallurgy, and geology. I like this word as an adjective, as it captures and keeps alive the Old English sense. I like the Old English sense of the participle serving as an adjectival modifier since it reveals the state of the object in the present as a description of what had happened to it in the past. This then marks a special sort of adjectival form. “Melted” proposes to take even THIS away by replacing “molten” as an adjectival form of the verb.

    Was molten, is molten, and always will be molten. Forever.

    Eternally molten.

    Why?

    Because it had been molten! Why?

    Becuase someone melted it, had melted it…..

    Let the intransitive form keep molten, since it is more closely akin to the adjectival form in its function of “describing a state characteristic of the object, now taken on, actively or passively, as its describable condition”.

    • Funny in Dutch it is; Smelten, smolten and gesmolten. Overall English and Dutch use the same tenses. Heard melted on tv and it sounded really wrong but, I guess since melted is used so much more than molten, which is the original and correct tense, it overtook its function.

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