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Although vs. though

As conjunctions, although and though are interchangeable. Although is generally considered more formal than though, though both forms appear regularly in both formal and informal writing

Though is also an adverb meaning however or nevertheless. In this sense, though is not interchangeable with although, which is only a conjunction.

Examples

In these examples, although and though are the same:


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Growth in Europe is maintaining momentum, although the risks related to peripheral economies have increased. [Globe and Mail]

Unlike the other comparisons, however, this one is apt, though perhaps not in a way Cantor intended. [Washington Post]

Although the birds are just a small part of his business, carefully raising the pheasants from delicate eggs to beautifully feathered birds is clearly a passion. [The Age]

Some grown unschoolers, though positive about it overall, admit they’ve at times longed to be just like the other kids … [National Post]

And in these examples, though is an adverb and hence not interchangeable with although:

This weekend, though, theaters were packed. [Los Angeles Times]

There was another twist to come, though, as Pavlyuchenkova defied her flagging fortunes to win three games in succession. [Independent]

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Comments

  1. Warsaw Will says:

    ‘Even though’ is not simply ‘a wordy variant’ of ‘though’ and ‘although’; it strengthens the contrast, and is thus stressed when speaking.

  2. although the use of “although” is considered more formal, somehow use of “though” makes the speaker sound like he has a stick in his rectum. I would avoid using the latter altogether.

  3. How is though’s use in “This weekend, though, theaters were packed.” NOT a conjugation? “Theaters were packed” is a complete sentence, and “this weeked” is a subordinating clause. That would make its use a conjugation, NOT an adverb, no?

    • Actually “this weekend” isn’t a subordinate clause because it doesn’t have a subject and predicate. It’s telling when the theaters were packed. (I think it’s something like a prepositional phrase acting as an adverb except we get to leave out the preposition bcuz english is weird that way). So then though can’t be a conjunction, and is indeed an adverb. Please tell me that made some sense :P

      • “It’s telling when the theaters were packed” makes perfect sense, and seems obvious now that you’ve clarified it. And “bcuz english is weird that way” clarifies a whole bunch of other things! Thanks Zamarra!

      • Kiran Kumar Bokkesam says:

        no, it’s more convincing as a conjunction…

      • Asad Memon says:

        i dont understand if you are saying its not a conjunction but an adverb then verb is at the end isnt verb supposed to be either before or after adverb plus subordinate clause or dependent clause supposed to be connected by conjunction or transitional word isnt it?

        • Jessie Diane says:

          “Though” is what we call a conjunctive adverb. It can act as a conjunction or an adverb depending on the sentence around it. Adverbs are extra information that aren’t necessary to the core meaning of a sentence, so you can take them out without changing the meaning. Often conjunctions are essential to the meaning (and vs. or). “Though” can be taken out of this sentence, so I agree with Zamarra: “though” is an adverb in this case, but it’s really hard to tell with these types of words! Also, it’s a misconception that adverbs have to be right next to verbs.

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