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-able and -ible

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  • The suffixes -able and -ible both mean capable of or suitable for, but we treat them differently. The most important difference is that -able is a living suffix, meaning we can affix it to virtually any verb without using a hyphen, while -ible is not used to make new words. It lives on mainly in old words passed down through the centuries.

    As the living suffix, -able is useful for coining new words, though we often have to ignore spell check when it comes to -able coinages. For example, our spell check disapproves of sanctionable, channelable, overthrowable, redoable, and torturable, but these are perfectly good words and do not require hyphenation.

    To form an -able word, treat the verb as you do when making an -ing participle. For example, we make moving from move by dropping the e and adding -ing. So, to make move‘s -able adjective, we drop the e and add -ablemovable.

    But when creating an -able word, make sure there is not already an equivalent -ible word (see below). For instance, convertable is superfluous because we already have convertible. All accepted -ible words are listed in the dictionary.

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    ible adjectives

    Unlike –able, -ible isn’t used to make new words. It exists only in words retained from earlier stages of English. Here are a few of the most common words with the suffix:

    accessible
    admissible
    audible
    convertible
    controvertible
    credible
    defensible
    digestible
    discernible
    dismissible
    edible
    eligible
    exhaustible
    fallible
    feasible
    flexible
    gullible
    horrible
    invincible
    legible
    ostensible
    perceptible
    permissible
    plausible
    possible
    reprehensible
    susceptible
    terrible
    visible

    Many -ible adjectives have corresponding -able words from which they have differentiated over time. For example, forcible and forceable have different meanings. Other -ible words have -able variants that are identical in meaning—for example, extendable and extendible.

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    Comments

    1. Thank you for the information!!!!!

    2. Discernible says:

      Very interesting. I just typed “discernable” and Word let me correct it to “Discernible” and I was like wait a minute.. that is dumb because it is ABLE to be discerned and therefore is discernable, why is it -ible!? haha Thanks!

    3. Miss Walking Dictionary says:

      Umm… no it’s actually “discernible”. Many times, the English language has weird exceptions to words…

    4. lovegirl2039 says:

      i agree with Miss Walking Dictionary!!!! im studying for a spelling bee and so thnx for posting this! <3

    5. Marcos Hernandez says:

      To the list of the most common -ible words please add “collectible”. This is probably one of the most frequently misspelled words in America! I see it on the outside of antique stores all the time, and it’s usually misspelled as if it was an -able word.

    6. Brian Connelly says:

      Fantastic information! I’ve been looking for ways to help my students use “living” suffixes, this was very useful. Thanks for the help

    7. سفيرة الصحراء says:

      useful information

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