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Hardy vs. hearty

Hardy means strong, bold, or capable of prevailing through tough conditions. If it wouldn't make sense to replace hardy with strong or bold, then you probably want hearty, whose main meanings are (1) expressed warmly, (2) providing abundant nourishment, and (3) unequivocal. Think of hardy as related to hard, and hearty as related to heart. Things that are hardy are strong and hard, while things that are hearty often come from the heart, warm the heart, or give heart. It might also help to … [Read more...]

Ax vs. axe

Ax and axe are different spellings of the same word. Axe is standard in varieties of English from outside the U.S. Axe also appears in American English, but the newer spelling, ax, has gained ground over the last half century and is now more common. The distinction extends to compounds involving ax and axe. For instance, Americans often use pickax and broadax, while English speakers elsewhere use pickaxe and broadaxe. Examples For example, these American publications use ax: Legislature: … [Read more...]

Respective, respectively

Both respective (meaning each separately according to its own situation) and its adverbial form, respectively, are often used unnecessarily. The words are called for when the distinction matters, or when not including them could cause confusion---for example: Glen Mazzara and Adam Fierro complete the line-up, writing episodes five and six respectively. [Digital Spy] This respectively is useful because it tells us that the two writers are working separately on these episodes rather than … [Read more...]

Animal adjectives

adjective  accipitrine animal  hawk anserine goose aquiline eagle asinine ass avine bird bovine cow bubaline buffalo cameline camel cancrine crab canine dog caprine goat corvine deer corvine crow, raven crocodiline crocodile elephantine elephant equine horse falconine falcon feline cat ferine any wild … [Read more...]

Data

Data is often treated as a plural noun in writing related to science, mathematics, finance, and computing. Elsewhere, most English speakers treat it as a singular mass noun. This convention is well established and widely followed in both edited and unedited writing. Keep in mind, though, that some people consider the singular data incorrect. This view is based on a misunderstanding of how English develops, but those who hold it tend to feel strongly about it, so we might approach data with … [Read more...]

Hew vs. hue

Definitions and usage Hew: 1. to make or shape with or as with an ax; 2. to adhere or conform strictly (to something). The past tense is hewed. The word is always a verb. The past participle is usually hewed in North America, and usually hewn outside North America. Hue: 1. color; 2. the property of colors by which they can be perceived as within a range between primary colors; 3. appearance, aspect. It is always a noun. Examples Hew With this faith we will be able to hew out of the … [Read more...]

Homely vs. homey

Homey means feeling like home. In British English, homely means the same as homey. But homely is different in American English, where it means plain, simple, or unattractive. It’s often used as a polite way of saying someone is not beautiful. In the U.S., homey is also short for homeboy or homegirl, referring to (1) a friend or acquaintance from one's neighborhood or hometown or (2) a fellow gang member. This term peaked in the 90s and is now only rarely used in a serious … [Read more...]

Highfalutin

Definition and usage Highfalutin means pompous or pretentious. It's usually used of pompous or pretentious language, put it can also describe behaviors, bearings, and attitudes. For example, a lofty and bombastic political speech might be called highfalutin, as might a fancily dressed man who walks into a room with an air of superiority. The word formerly appeared as a noun for very pompous language, but this use is rare in this century. Variants There are many alternative spellings, … [Read more...]

Center vs. centre

There is no difference in meaning between center and centre. Center is the preferred spelling in American English, and centre is preferred in varieties of English from outside the U.S. Some people do make distinctions between the words. For instance, some prefer to treat center as the word for a place or institution and centre as the word for the middle point of something. But while these preferences may be taught in some schools and are perhaps common among careful English speakers in … [Read more...]

Racket vs. racquet

Racket is the usual spelling of the word for the paddle-like device used in net games such as tennis. Racquet is an alternative form---it was originally a misspelling of the French word, and has appeared to varying degrees since entering English in the 19th century---now mainly confined to certain contexts, appearing especially in names (e.g., West River Health & Racquet Club) and in reference to the sports of squash and racquetball. In tennis, racket is the preferred spelling. This is the … [Read more...]

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