Fraud vs fraught

Fraud and fraught are two words that are close in spelling and pronunciation and may be considered confusables. Confusables is a catch-all term for words that are often confused in usage. Two words or more than two words may be confused because they are similar in spelling, similar in pronunciation, or similar in meaning. These commonly confused words may be pronounced the same way or pronounced differently or may be spelled the same way or spelled differently, or may have different meanings or have almost different meanings; they may be homophones, homonyms, heteronyms, words that have a similar spelling, or words that have a similar meaning. Confusables often confound native speakers of English, and they may be difficult for ESL students and those learning English to understand. Confusables are misspelled, misused words and may be nouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs, prepositions, or any other part of speech. Spelling rules in English are not dependable; there are many exceptions. Often, the best procedure for learning commonly misused words and commonly confused words in English is to make word lists of English words for the learner to study. A spell checker will rarely find this type of mistake in English vocabulary, so do not rely on spell check but instead, learn to spell and learn the definitions of words. Even a participant in a spelling bee like the National Spelling Bee will ask for an example of a confusable in a sentence, so that she understands which word she is to spell by using context clues. Confusables are often used in wordplay like puns. We will examine the different meanings of the confusables fraud and fraught, the word origins of the terms, and some examples of their English usage in sentences.

Fraud is criminal or illegal deception or deceit; fraud is designed to result in personal gain for the person perpetrating the fraud. Fraud is used as a noun to mean the person perpetrating the deception, and it is used as a noun to mean the deception or deceit that has been practiced. The word fraud is derived from the Old French word, fraude, which means deception.

Fraught is an adjective that means a situation that is loaded with something or filled with something. For instance, a journey through the Amazon jungle may be fraught with danger. Fraught may also be used to mean a situation that is anxiety-producing or distressing. For instance, one’s tenure at a chaotic job may be fraught. The word fraught is derived from the Middle English word, fraughten, which means to load a ship with cargo.


Four people have been charged by a grand jury in Houston, Texas in relation to a $35million Covid-19 relief fraud scheme, bringing the total to 15 suspects in the case. (The Independent)

“Our office remains dedicated to protecting taxpayer dollars and pursuing potential instances of healthcare fraud,” said Carr. (Valdosta Today)

European airlines are in for a fraught period between now and the end of the year due to renewed COVID-19 concerns that will disrupt Christmas travel and early summer holiday bookings, Ryanair Group Chief Executive Michael O’Leary said on Tuesday. (Reuters)

China and U.S. Aren’t in a Cold War, Eurasia’s Bremmer Says. But the Relationship Could Become More Fraught. (Barron’s)

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