Grammar

https grammarist.com grammar participial prepositions

Participial prepositions

A participial preposition is a participle (an -ed or –ing verb) that functions as a preposition. Some of the most common examples are assuming, barring, considering, during, given, notwithstanding, provided, regarding, and respected. Unlike other participles, participial prepositions don’t necessarily create dangling modifiers when they don’t correspond to a subject. So, to take a counterexample, consider the following sentence: Sitting on the porch, it started to get cold. Here the phrase sitting on the porch is a dangling modifier because its grammatical position indicates that it corresponds …

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English moods (imperative, indicative, and subjunctive)

In a sentence, the grammatical mood conveys the speaker’s attitude about the state of being of what the sentence describes. This may sound a little complicated, but it’s simple enough: In the indicative mood, for instance, the speaker is sure that something is the case, while in the imperative mood the speaker desires that something should happen.  Mood is only one of many verb properties, others being tense, aspect, and voice. It is expressed through the sentence’s verbs and grammatical structure. For …

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https grammarist.com grammar run on sentences

Run-on sentences

A run-on sentence is not simply a sentence that is too long. Rather, it is a sentence in which two or more independent clauses are fused together without the proper punctuation or conjunctions needed to hold them together in a grammatically correct way. There are many types of run-ons. We’ll cover the three most common.  1. Comma splices A run-on sentence with a comma splice consists of two independent clauses separated by a comma and missing a conjunction—for example: I …

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Nouns as adjectives

Nouns sometimes function as adjectives. For example, in each of these phrases, the first word is usually a noun but here functions as an adjective modifying the second word: city government, article writer, bicycle thief, Sunday picnic, pumpkin pie. Adjective–noun confusion When this type of functional switching could cause confusion, consider rewording. Consider this sentence: Ask the cooler guy if we need more fish. Here, cooler could be interpreted in two drastically different ways. This alternative phrasing is wordier but …

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Danglers

A dangler (also known as a dangling modifier or dangling participle) is a sentence element—usually a participle or a phrase anchored by one—that doesn’t relate syntactically to the noun it’s intended to modify. In other words, when a modifier doesn’t appear where it’s logically supposed to be, it’s a dangler—for example: Leaving home, the weather was sunny and crisp. Here, because the introductory modifying phrase leaving home immediately precedes the subject the weather, this sentence is constructed as if to state …

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