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Sanguine vs exsanguinate

Sanguine means cheerful, optimistic, positive in the face of great difficulty. The word sanguine comes from the four humours or four temperaments proposed by Hippocrates, based on four bodily fluids in the human body. A sanguine temperament was supposedly cheerful and optimistic due to the predominance of blood in the body. The word sanguine is also used to describe a blood-red color. Sanguine is an adjective, related words are sanguinely and sanguineness.

Exsanguinate means to drain someone or something of blood. Exsanguinate is a verb, related words are exsanguinates, exsanguinated, exsanguinating and the noun exsanguination.


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Examples

But their mood is sanguine, not jubilant: there are worries that sales that would have taken place in the spring have simply been moved forward and that activity will fall away in the coming months as buyers struggle to raise extra money, while sellers ponder the merits of dropping prices. (The Financial Times)

Poulter was sanguine, if bitterly dismayed as he digested the reality that his dream of the Masters title had ebbed away for another year. (The Telegraph)

In October 2014 the Globe and Mail reported MacLean was “not as sanguine about the change as it seems.” (The Winnipeg Free Press)

And as questions continued to swirl around the circumstances surrounding Blandford’s death, a thoracic surgeon who trained under Emond — and who now practises in the United States — suggested the ER staff might have misdiagnosed Blandford’s condition when he arrived, losing precious time to try to save his life before an aortic aneurysm in his abdomen burst and he started to “exsanguinate,” the blood draining into his belly. (The Montreal Gazette)

According to Forbes, it’s because the actress is pretty much irreplaceable as Twilight‘s exsanguinated teenage heroine Bella Swan– which has allowed her to demand $12.5 million for each of the last two installments in the Twilight Saga as well as a slice of the profits. (TIME Magazine)

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