Alcoholism vs dipsomania

Alcoholism is an addiction or a dependency on alcohol. The word alcoholism comes from the Modern Latin word alcoholismus, which was coined in the mid-1800s by Magnus Huss, a professor of medicine in Sweden. However, Huss used the word to describe an illness that is called alcohol poisoning, today. At this time, alcoholism was labeled as habitual drunkeness, and other similar terms. Dipsomania is a type of alcoholism which is characterized by periodic bouts of uncontrollable craving for … [Read more...]

Bone vs debone

Bone, when used as a verb, means to remove the bones from meat or fish, usually before cooking. Related words are bones, boned, boning. The word bone comes from the Old English word ban which means tusk or bone. Debone means to remove the bones from meat or fish, usually before cooking. Related words are debones, deboned, deboning. The word debone is derived from the Old English word ban which means tusk or bone, and the Latin prefix de-, which means do the opposite of, not, when used in … [Read more...]

Bain-marie vs double boiler

A bain-marie is a cooking container filled with water in which another pan or dish is placed in order to cook food more slowly or with more moisture. The term bain-marie is taken directly from the French, it literally translates as Mary's bath. Note that when cooking with a bain-marie the pan or dish that contains the food is put directly into the hot water bath. The plural form is bains-marie. Bain-marie is often seen unhyphenated as in bain marie, but the Oxford English Dictionary only lists … [Read more...]

Robot, android or droid

A robot is a machine that can carry out a series of tasks, often a series of tasks written in a computer program. A robot may or may not look like a human being. The word robot came into English as a translation of the Czech word robotnik, first used in a 1920 play by Karel Capek called R.U.R., which stands for Rossum's Universal Robots. Capek coined the word robot from robota which means servitude, forced labor. A related word is robotic, which means behaving in a stilted, mechanical … [Read more...]

Doxing and doxxing

Doxing is the act of publishing private information and identifying information about an individual online with intent to harm. Doxing is done in order to shame someone, encourage other online users to intimidate someone, or put the person being doxed in actual danger. Doxing may be spelled with two "x's", as in doxxing. Doxing may be used as a noun or a verb, related terms are dox, doxes, doxed, dox, doxxes, doxxed. Doxing is a new word, it was added to the Oxford English Dictionary in 2014. … [Read more...]

Nocturnal vs diurnal

Nocturnal describes happenings that occur during the nighttime or plants and animals that are active during the nighttime. Nocturnal is an adjective, the adverb form is nocturnally. The word nocturnal comes from the Latin word nocturnus, which means belonging to the night. Diurnal describes happenings that occur during the daytime or plants and animals that are active during the daytime. Diurnal is an adjective, the adverb form is diurnally. The word diurnal comes from the Latin word … [Read more...]

Dissent vs descent

Dissent means to disagree with a commonly or officially held opinion, to refuse to conform with a church's orthodox beliefs. Dissent may be used as a noun or a verb, related words are dissents, dissented, dissenting, dissentingly, dissenter, dissension. The word dissent is derived from the Latin word dissentire, which means to disagree, to quarrel, to contradict. Descent means to move in a downward direction, to slope downward, to fall, to decline. Descent may also refer to a degeneration, to … [Read more...]

Doublethink, doublespeak or double-talk

Doublethink is the ability to accept two conflicting beliefs, opinions, or facts as valid and correct, simultaneously. This acceptance might be deliberate or unconscious, and is often a result of political indoctrination. Doublethink may happen because of someone being willfully perverse or as a result of faulty logic. Doublethink is a word coined by George Orwell for the novel 1984. Doublespeak is the use of euphemistic or ambiguous language in order to disguise what one is actually saying. … [Read more...]

Didactic vs pedantic

Didactic refers to something that is intended to teach something or demonstrate something, especially something to do with morality. Didactic instruction is characterized as ponderous, boring, or pushing a moral agenda in an underhanded fashion. Didactic comes from the Greek word didaktikosm, which means apt at teaching. Didactic is an adjective, related words are didactically, didacticism. Pedantic means focusing too much on trivial details when discussing or teaching material. A pedantic … [Read more...]

Deduct vs deduce

Deduct means to take away a portion of something, to subtract something. Deduct is a transitive verb, which is a verb that takes an object. Related words are deducts, deducted, deducting and the noun form, deduction, which causes the confusion between deduct and deduce. Deduct comes from the Latin word deducere, which means lead down, bring away. Deduce means to draw a conclusion through the use of logic and reason. Deduce is a transitive verb, related words are deduces, deduced, deducing, … [Read more...]

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