Began vs begun

Begin is a verb that means to start, initiate, or set in motion. The past tense is began and should never be used with auxiliary verbs. The past participle, used with conjugations of the helping or auxiliary verbs and changes the verb to an adjective, is begun. The progressive tense is beginning, which can also be a noun and an adjective.



After weeks of dramatic testimony, jurors are set to begin deliberations Tuesday in the trial of Dzhokhar Tsarnaev, who faces life in prison or the death penalty for working with his brother to explode bombs at the 2013 Boston Marathon. [CNN]

The British version of the hugely successful Japanese sports entertainment show, a sort of cross between Total Wipeout and Gladiators which has spawned hit spin-offs in the US and multiple other countries around the world, began on Saturday. [The Telegraph]

Meanwhile, animated emojis for the Apple Watch are beginning to surface, some of which tech publication The Verge described as “nightmare fuel”. [Sydney Morning Herald]

Observing that the country’s banking sector was laden with opportunities, he said it was important that banks had begun operating in the social sector. [The Hindu]

BG Group, which Shell is buying at a 50% premium to its recent share price, is one of the oldest petroleum firms in the world, having begun as the Gas & Coke Co. in London in 1812. [Fortune]

“Because of Dr. Hacking’s astute clinical skills and knowledge he was able to alert public health authorities so promptly that that same Saturday afternoon, the cases of measles were isolated, interviews with close contacts were begun and those who were susceptible were quarantined,” Miner said. [Herald]


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  1. “The past participle, used with conjugations of the helping or auxiliary verbs and changes the verb to an adjective, is begun.”

    Shouldn’t it be “and which changes the verb”?

    I do not understand what is changed to an adjective.

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