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French numbers

  • French uses the same numbers as English, but the spellings and pronunciations are quite different. There are no simple memory tricks for remembering French numbers, so they just have to be memorized.

    Zero through 19

    FrenchPronunciationNumber
    zérozay-ro0
    un(e)uhn/oon1
    deuxduh2
    troistwah3
    quatrekah-tr4
    cinqsank5
    sixsees6
    septset7
    huitwheet8
    neufnuf9
    dixdees10
    onzeohnz11
    douzedooze12
    treizetrayze13
    quatorzeka-torze14
    quinzekaynz15
    seizesayze16
    dix-septdees-set17
    dix-huitdeez-wheat18
    dix-neufdees-nuf19

    20 through 69

    The French 20 through 69 follow a pattern that is very similar to the English pattern. First, there are the multiples of tens—just like twenty, thirty, forty, and so on—and then the numbers one through nine are added. Two through nine are added with a hyphen, and one is added with et un, without a hyphen. To illustrate, here’s 20 through 29:

    vingtvehn20
    vingt et unvehn-tay-uhn21
    vingt-deuxvehn-doo22
    vingt-troisvehn-twah23
    vingt-quatrevehn-kah-tr24
    vingt-cinqvehn-sank25
    vingt-sixvehn-sees26
    vingt-septvehn-set27
    vingt-huitvehn-wheat28
    vingt-neufvehn-noof29

    30 through 69 follow the same pattern. Here are the multiples of ten:

    trentetrahnt30
    quarantekarant40
    cinquantesank-ahnt50
    soixanteswahz-ahnt60

    70 through 99

    With 70 through 99, things get a little tricky. Rather than using direct French equivalents of seventy, eighty, and ninety, we use the equivalent of sixty-ten for seventy, four-twenty for eighty, and four-twenty-ten for ninety. Here’s how it works:

    soixante-dixswahz-ahnt-dees70
    soixante et onzeswahz-ahnt-ay-ohnze71
    soixante-doozswahz-ahnt-dooz72
    soixante-treizeswahz-ahnt-trayze73
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    The pattern continues through seventy-nine. Here’s how the eighties and nineties work:

    quatre-vingtkatr-vehn80
    quatre-vingt-unkatr-vehn-un81
    quatre-vingt-deuxkatr-vehn-doo82
    quatre-vingt-dixkatr-vehn-dees90
    quatre-vingt-onzekatr-vehn-ohnz91
    quatre-vingt-douzekatr-vehn-dooz92

    100 through 999

    If you’ve memorized everything above, the hundreds are easy. The word for hundred is cent, and all you do is follow cent with a space and the number:

    centsahn100
    cent unsahn-un101
    cent deuxsahn-doo102

    This continues to 199. For 200 and above, add the number before cent. With multiples of 100, cent becomes the plural cents. For all other numbers, cent stays singular—for example:

    deux centsdoo-sahn200
    deux cent deuxdoo-sahn-doo202
    quatre centskah-tr-sahn400
    neuf centsnuf-sahn900
    neuf cents cinquante-cinqnuf-sahn sank-ahnt-sank955

    1,000 and above

    For 1,000 and above, use these examples as a guide:

    millemeel1,000
    deux mille dixdoo mee-yh dees2,010
    deux mille neuf cents cinquante-cinqdoo mee-yh nuf-sahn sank-ahnt-sank2,955
    trente milletrahnt meel30,000
    un millionuhn mee-yohn1,000,000
    deux million cent milledoo mee-yohn sahn meel2,100,000
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    Comments

    1. You’ve spelled “10” incorrectly. Instead of ‘dex’, it should be “dix” to match numbers ’17-19′.

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