Advertisement

French numbers

  •  
  • French uses the same numbers as English, but the spellings and pronunciations are quite different. There are no simple memory tricks for remembering French numbers, so they just have to be memorized.


     

    Zero through 19

    French Pronunciation Number
    zéro zay-ro 0
    un(e) uhn/oon 1
    deux duh 2
    trois twah 3
    quatre kah-tr 4
    cinq sank 5
    six sees 6
    sept set 7
    huit wheet 8
    neuf nuf 9
    dix dees 10
    onze ohnz 11
    douze dooze 12
    treize trayze 13
    quatorze ka-torze 14
    quinze kaynz 15
    seize sayze 16
    dix-sept dees-set 17
    dix-huit deez-wheat 18
    dix-neuf dees-nuf 19

    20 through 69

    The French 20 through 69 follow a pattern that is very similar to the English pattern. First, there are the multiples of tens—just like twenty, thirty, forty, and so on—and then the numbers one through nine are added. Two through nine are added with a hyphen, and one is added with et un, without a hyphen. To illustrate, here’s 20 through 29:

    vingt vehn 20
    vingt et un vehn-tay-uhn 21
    vingt-deux vehn-doo 22
    vingt-trois vehn-twah 23
    vingt-quatre vehn-kah-tr 24
    vingt-cinq vehn-sank 25
    vingt-six vehn-sees 26
    vingt-sept vehn-set 27
    vingt-huit vehn-wheat 28
    vingt-neuf vehn-noof 29

    30 through 69 follow the same pattern. Here are the multiples of ten:

    trente trahnt 30
    quarante karant 40
    cinquante sank-ahnt 50
    soixante swahz-ahnt 60

    70 through 99

    With 70 through 99, things get a little tricky. Rather than using direct French equivalents of seventy, eighty, and ninety, we use the equivalent of sixty-ten for seventy, four-twenty for eighty, and four-twenty-ten for ninety. Here’s how it works:

    soixante-dix swahz-ahnt-dees 70
    soixante et onze swahz-ahnt-ay-ohnze 71
    soixante-dooz swahz-ahnt-dooz 72
    soixante-treize swahz-ahnt-trayze 73
    Advertisement

    The pattern continues through seventy-nine. Here’s how the eighties and nineties work:

    quatre-vingt katr-vehn 80
    quatre-vingt-un katr-vehn-un 81
    quatre-vingt-deux katr-vehn-doo 82
    quatre-vingt-dix katr-vehn-dees 90
    quatre-vingt-onze katr-vehn-ohnz 91
    quatre-vingt-douze katr-vehn-dooz 92

    100 through 999

    If you’ve memorized everything above, the hundreds are easy. The word for hundred is cent, and all you do is follow cent with a space and the number:

    cent sahn 100
    cent un sahn-un 101
    cent deux sahn-doo 102

    This continues to 199. For 200 and above, add the number before cent. With multiples of 100, cent becomes the plural cents. For all other numbers, cent stays singular—for example:

    deux cents doo-sahn 200
    deux cent deux doo-sahn-doo 202
    quatre cents kah-tr-sahn 400
    neuf cents nuf-sahn 900
    neuf cents cinquante-cinq nuf-sahn sank-ahnt-sank 955

    1,000 and above

    For 1,000 and above, use these examples as a guide:

    mille meel 1,000
    deux mille dix doo mee-yh dees 2,010
    deux mille neuf cents cinquante-cinq doo mee-yh nuf-sahn sank-ahnt-sank 2,955
    trente mille trahnt meel 30,000
    un million uhn mee-yohn 1,000,000
    deux million cent mille doo mee-yohn sahn meel 2,100,000

    Comments

    1. You’ve spelled “10” incorrectly. Instead of ‘dex’, it should be “dix” to match numbers ’17-19′.

    Speak Your Mind

    About Grammarist
    Contact | Privacy policy | Home
    © Copyright 2009-2014 Grammarist

    Never make another grammar mistake again! Grab our new tool for free today!

    End ad toaster body -->